Lesson Plan: Learn about the beginning of Monument Avenue through examining letters, maps, and newspaper articles from when the Lee Monument was created. These primary source documents, from the time period, allow us to see the monument from a variety of perspectives.
The Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson Monument that went up on Monument Avenue in 1919 was the second sculpture to him in the City of Richmond.
In December 1912, nearly 40 years after Matthew Fontaine Maury (1806-1873) died, Richmonder Gaston Lichtenstein authored a letter to the editor that “the capital of his own State ought to take pleasure in erecting a statue to his memory.”
The Jefferson Davis cornerstone box spent over a decade in Monroe Park and then almost 115 years buried on Monument Avenue, but its 1907 relocation doomed most of the contents.
After the Civil War, Confederate supporters struggled with how they would be remembered. They created a story to justify losing the war, rewriting the facts of history. Their story was an invention known as the Lost Cause.
Richmond’s Confederate monuments on Monument Avenue supported the Lost Cause myth and dominated the city’s monumental landscape more than 130 years.
The United Daughters of the Confederacy were the main supporters of the Davis Monument and, in 2018, it was deemed the “most unabashedly Lost Cause in its design and sentiment.”
The Arthur Ashe Monument on Richmond’s Monument Avenue is now the road’s only monument. It is also the newest addition.
It took 42 years for the City of Richmond to unveil “a suitable monument and inscription” to James Ewell Stuart. The J.E.B. Stuart Monument stood in Richmond for 113 years.