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A group of people around the Lee Monument that is covered by a veil.
Teaching Resources

Primary Sources Related to the Lee Monument on Monument Avenue

Lesson Plan: Learn about the beginning of Monument Avenue through examining letters, maps, and newspaper articles from when the Lee Monument was created. These primary source documents, from the time period, allow us to see the monument from a variety of perspectives.

A crane in the background and workers in the foreground flank the graffiti-covered equestrian Stonewall Jackson Monument During a downpour, a clap of thunder rang out at the moment the crane lifted the statue from the pedestal followed by First Baptist Church ringing their bells. Team Henry removed the pedestal in early 2022 and paved over the intersection.
Featured Stories

Monument Avenue: Thomas J. (Stonewall) Jackson Monument

The Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson Monument that went up on Monument Avenue in 1919 was the second sculpture to him in the City of Richmond.

The Maury Monument with a bronze globe on top of a pedestal with a figure of a seated Maury in the fenced median of Monument Avenue with trees.
Featured Stories

Monument Avenue: Matthew Fontaine Maury Monument

In December 1912, nearly 40 years after Matthew Fontaine Maury (1806-1873) died, Richmonder Gaston Lichtenstein authored a letter to the editor that “the capital of his own State ought to take pleasure in erecting a statue to his memory.”

Romanesque temple design in a park with “The Times, Richmond, VA, 1896” in the lower left and “The Proposed Jefferson Davis Monument” across the bottom.
Featured Stories

Jefferson Davis Monument Cornerstone Box

The Jefferson Davis cornerstone box spent over a decade in Monroe Park and then almost 115 years buried on Monument Avenue, but its 1907 relocation doomed most of the contents.

People standing in a confederate flag formation around a monument.
Featured Stories

The Lost Cause Myth: How the South Flipped the American Civil War Story

After the Civil War, Confederate supporters struggled with how they would be remembered. They created a story to justify losing the war, rewriting the facts of history. Their story was an invention known as the Lost Cause.

Featured Stories

Richmond’s Monument Avenue: Memorializing the Lost Cause Myth

Richmond’s Confederate monuments on Monument Avenue supported the Lost Cause myth and dominated the city’s monumental landscape more than 130 years.

A design in pencil by Edward Valentine of the Jefferson Davis Monument with a tall pillar surrounded by lowered colonnade and a seated figure of Davis in the middle.
Featured Stories

Monument Avenue: Jefferson Davis Monument

The United Daughters of the Confederacy were the main supporters of the Davis Monument and, in 2018, it was deemed the “most unabashedly Lost Cause in its design and sentiment.”

A Black woman, a white girl, and a Black boy in the foreground with the Arthur Ashe Monument in the background.
Featured Stories

Monument Avenue: Arthur Ashe Monument

The Arthur Ashe Monument on Richmond’s Monument Avenue is now the road’s only monument. It is also the newest addition.

J.E.B. Stuart Monument on Monument Avenue. Stuart is on his horse looking backward. There is a school group of young women circling the statue all carrying flowers or flowered wreaths for a Memorial Day celebration. The girls are from the Collegiate School for Girls. May 1917.
Featured Stories

Monument Avenue: J.E.B. Stuart Monument

It took 42 years for the City of Richmond to unveil “a suitable monument and inscription” to James Ewell Stuart. The J.E.B. Stuart Monument stood in Richmond for 113 years.

A group of people around the Lee Monument that is covered by a veil.
Featured Stories

Monument Avenue: Robert. E. Lee Monument

It took nearly twenty years to erect a monument to Robert E. Lee in Richmond, and it came down in less than two.