Monument Avenue: Thomas J. (Stonewall) Jackson Monument

The Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson Monument that went up on Monument Avenue in 1919 was the second sculpture to him in the City of Richmond.

By Christina K. Vida
Elisa H. Wright Curator of General Collections
Stonewall Jackson on his horse statue on top of a large base that says "Stonewall Jackson."
“Season’s Greetings” card of the Stonewall Jackson equestrian monument on Monument Avenue, around 1950, Dementi Studio, V.2018.45.02, The Valentine.


Englishman Beresford Hope commissioned John Henry Foley (1818-1874) to create the statue of Jackson as a gift to the Commonwealth of Virginia. It was unveiled on Capitol Square on October 27, 1875 and remains in place today. Foley’s sculpture was also Richmond’s first monument to the Confederacy that depicted a human form – all the previous ones had been symbolic pyramids or obelisks.  

Double image of the bronze Stonewall Jackson monument showing him standing on a pedestal
Stereograph with double black and white photographs showing the Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson monument in Capitol Square, around 1875, V.66.140.04, The Valentine.

By 1911, a group of veterans led by Rev. James Power Smith desired the second statue to show Jackson mounted on a horse. By 1914, the Jackson Monument Corporation had raised $30,000 of the necessary $40,000, and in January 1915 the City Council approved the monument’s site at Monument Avenue and the Boulevard (now known as Arthur Ashe Boulevard).   

The suburban area was growing with the Lee Annex development (bound by Sheppard, Kensington, Roseneath, and Franklin) and specified  racial covenants preventing any “person of African descent” from owning a home. Farther to the west, Monument Avenue Park (bounded by Monument, Staples Mill, Broad, and Shenandoah) advertised its suburban lots in 1913 with similar restrictions.  

Although Black families were prevented from owning these homes, Black Richmonders worked in many of the homes lining Monument Avenue, living in designated areas of the houses and working in the shadows of Confederate statues. 

On June 3, 1915, the Jackson Monument Corporation, with support from the Freemasons and the United Daughters of the Confederacy, lowered a cornerstone in the base of the monument. That same year sculptors submitted models to the design committee, but it wasn’t until May of 1916 that the committee officially chose Richmond sculptor Frederick William Sievers to create the bronze Jackson. 

Even after Siever’s selection, discussions continued about whether the horse would be shown in action or in repose. Sievers told the Richmond Times-Dispatch that having both Jackson and the horse standing still would “give to the beholder a sense of relief.” His proposed design remained, Gorham Manufacturing cast the bronze, and on October 11, 1919, his son, William Daniel Sievers, and Jackson’s granddaughter, Anna Jackson Preston, pulled the cords in an attempt to unveil the statue. Like other unveilings in Richmond before and since, the veil stuck, and workmen helped to cut it away. 

A woman in a swimsuit laying on the ground in the median with the Stonewall Jackson Monument in the background.
A sunbather in front of the Jackson Monument, May 18, 1978, David D. Ryan, V.85.37.1309, The Valentine.

The statue stood at the intersection of Monument Avenue and Arthur Ashe Boulevard until July 1, 2020, when it was the first of the city-owned Confederate monuments removed by Team Henry Enterprises. Thousands gathered for an impromptu celebration as workers removed the bolts holding the bronze horse and rider.  

A crane in the background and workers in the foreground flank the graffiti-covered equestrian Stonewall Jackson Monument During a downpour, a clap of thunder rang out at the moment the crane lifted the statue from the pedestal followed by First Baptist Church ringing their bells. Team Henry removed the pedestal in early 2022 and paved over the intersection.
Team Henry contractors preparing to remove the Stonewall Jackson Monument, July 1, 2020, Heidi W. Abbott, V.2021.31.21, The Valentine.

During a downpour, a clap of thunder rang out at the moment the crane lifted the statue from the pedestal followed by First Baptist Church ringing their bells. Team Henry removed the pedestal in early 2022 and paved over the intersection.   


  • Virginia Herald, May 3, 1875, pg. 2. 
  • Daily Dispatch, October 27, 1875, pgs. 1, 2. 
  • Lee Annex Realty Corporation ad. Times-Dispatch , October 16, 1904, pg. 17. 
  • “Erect Jackson statue.” Times-Dispatch, December 12, 1911, pg. 2. 
  • “Monument plans complete May 10.” Times-Dispatch, March 8, 1913, pg. 14.  
  • Greater Richmond Realty Co., Inc. ad. Times-Dispatch , April 15, 1913, pg. 13. 
  • “Name monument site.” Richmond Times-Dispatch , December 3, 1914, pg. 8 
  • Richmond Times-Dispatch, December 15, 1914, pg. 8.  
  • “Jackson monument will be placed at Boulevard.” Richmond Times-Dispatch, January 8, 1915, pg. 12. 
  • “Contents of corner-stone.” Richmond Times-Dispatch, June 4, 1915, pg. 11. The cornerstone and box were not found when Team Henry dismantled the pedestal base in 2022.  
  • “Sievers to make Jackson statue.” Richmond Times-Dispatch, May 25, 1916, pg. 1. 
  • “Thousands in city will pay tribute to hero of south.” Richmond Times-Dispatch, October 11, 1919, pgs. 1, 2. 
  • “Jackson’s statue unveiled and high tribute paid hero.” Richmond Times-Dispatch, October 12, 1919, pgs. 1, 8. 
  • Noe-Payne, Mallory & David Seidel. (2020, July 1). Richmond Begins Removing Confederate Monuments. Radio IQ. 

Need to cite this?

Authors Christina K. Vida
Work Title Monument Avenue: Thomas J. (Stonewall) Jackson Monument
Published October 3, 2023
Updated June 24, 2024
Copyright © 2024 The Valentine Museum