What’s Missing from Richmond, Virginia’s Monumental Landscape?

Lesson Plan: Explore stories of fellow Virginians who contributed to Richmond’s story. Consider the city of Richmond’s existing monumental landscape and craft your own proposal for which of these History Makers should be honored with the next monument! 

Grade Level

High, Middle


VS.1, VS.9, USII.1, CE.1, CE.4, VUS.1, GOVT.1a,b,d, f, g; English 6.6, 6.7,7.6, 7.7, 8.6 and 8.7

Time Period

1871-1899: Post Reconstruction, 1900-1950: Early 20th Century


Jim Crow, The Lost Cause Myth

Resource Type

Lesson Plan
Bronze statue of Maggie L. Walker with a crowd surrounding her at the dedication.
Maggie L. Walker Statue, Oakwood Arts, Maggie L. Walker Memorial and Plaza Dedication Photograph Collection. V.2018.69.15/PHC0061. The Valentine.

Essential Questions

  • How do monuments get their meaning?  
  • How does that meaning change over time? 
  • What is missing from Richmond, Virginia’s current monumental landscape?  


Monument Maker Lesson Plan (pdf)

Monument Maker Biographical Profiles (zip)